Alimony In Idaho| Spousal Support (Guide) 2023

A court can award maintenance, also known as alimony in Idaho if the judge considers that the partner requesting it is unable to sustain themselves. Following a divorce, the court may issue assistance either to the husband or the wife. When deciding whether it should give assistance, the court considers all of the conditions of both spouses.

A party requesting modification may file a petition with the court and show that their situation has improved. In Idaho, the judge can evaluate fault while deciding on alimony.

When a divorce order is granted, an Idaho court refers to the length of any alimony payments. The tenure of support is determined by several factors, including the longevity of the marriage and the parties’ requirements.

The purpose of a maintenance award is to guarantee that both parties can maintain (or come close to maintaining) their married existence following the separation. While your marriage is over, your commitment to assisting your partner does not end with the separation. The judge may mandate support contributions if one spouse earns even more than the other.

The notion of spousal support, also known as alimony, has been around for generations and originated at a time when it was normal for women to stay at home and raise children while her husband worked outside the home and supported her financial needs. Despite the fact that it is increasingly commonplace for both spouses to work outside the home, alimony is still accessible to partners that are unable to sustain themselves during and after the separation without assistance.

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Types Of Spousal Support In Idaho

Idaho courts can order temporary, fixed-duration (rehabilitative), or permanent maintenance (during and after divorce proceedings). An adjudicator must first establish that the petitioning spouse requires assistance but that the other spouse is capable of paying prior to determining what form of assistance is suitable.

The separation process is time-consuming, and some couples require assistance in fulfilling financial responsibilities while the separation is proceeding, such as providing a second rent and mortgage payment or paying the bills that were previously paid by the other partner.

Married people who are unable to sustain themselves throughout the dissolution can receive temporary support, often known as “pendente lite.” When the separation is finalized, or proper support order is created, pendente lite maintenance terminates.

After the separation, temporary support may be granted, and only for a limited amount of time. The purpose of interim maintenance would be for the higher-earning partner to help the lower-earning partner adapt to a changing living standard following the divorce. The court will determine when interim assistance will terminate.

A fixed-duration or rehabilitative award is the most prevalent form of support in Idaho. In many circumstances, the lower-earning spouse could become self-sufficient, but finding a suitable job takes time and effort. While the assisted spouse attends school or training that will result in stable opportunities and economic independence, the judge will appropriate rehabilitative support.

Before determining the length of support, courts may ask the assisted partner to present a rehabilitation plan. The judge would normally establish an exit date for support (a deadline for finishing training or schooling) or a date over which the partners will return to judgment for a reassessment, similar to temporary support.

Permanent alimony in Idaho is uncommon, but it is accessible to partners that are unable to work because of senior age or a physical or psychological condition. When the sponsored spouse remarries, dies, or otherwise qualifies for a modification, permanent support usually stops.

Qualification For Spousal Support

Spousal maintenance is gender-neutral, which means that gender has no bearing on whether or whether alimony is awarded. The judge will only grant assistance if the asking partner does not have enough assets to cover his or her liquidity commitments but is unable to become monetarily self-sufficient through work. If the court determines that there is a need and that the other partner is able to pay, the type, length, and amount of support will be determined by the following factors:

  • Monetary resources of the supported spouse (including that of the marital assets allocation following the divorce) and the partner’s ability to fulfill funding commitments autonomously.
  • The amount of time it takes for the supported spouse to obtain the requisite education and training to gain employment.
  • The duration of the union.
  • Age, emotional and physical health of the supporting spouse.
  • The capacity of the paying spouse to meet financial requirements while also providing assistance (includes if they are bound to pay child support)
  • Either partner will face tax implications.
  • Either spouse’s infidelity in the marriage.

Despite the fact that Idaho allows for no-fault separation, the law provides that courts can weigh marital fault when determining support judgments. If the behavior harmed the marital estate, the judge is much more likely to prioritize adultery or other wrongdoing. For illustration, if a wife was cheating on her husband and used marital finances to go on trips or otherwise spend money on a girlfriend or lover during the marriage, the court may order compensation to the injured spouse.

In Idaho, there is no specific formula that judges utilize to decide the quantity of maintenance. When deciding on a maintenance reward, arbitrators have a lot of leeways. Couples who want to keep control of their support award can negotiate terms and have the arrangement approved by the judge.

Is there anything I can do if my abusive partner continually files court cases against me

An administrative judge can take action against a defendant who is not represented by a lawyer (“pro se”) who files civil court lawsuits with the intention of harassing or maliciously hurting you, which is known as “vexatious litigation.” A judge can issue a “pre-filing order,” which prevents the person from initiating further lawsuit pro se without first seeking authorization from the court. You would file a motion with the district court judge or magistrate judge overseeing your case to have this pre-filing order issued. 

If any of the foregoing is true, the judge can impose a pre-filing order:

  • In the last seven years, the opposite side has registered pro se and lost at least three civil court cases, not even including small claims court cases;
  • After dropping a case, the losing party continually re-litigates or seeks to re-litigate, prose, to contest the judge’s decision or to re-file a case involving the same grounds;
  • During any dispute, the opposing party filed numerous pro se motions, pleadings, or other papers, engaged in the superfluous discovery, or engaged in other actions that are frivolous or simply designed to cause a delay in the project;
  • Any state or federal court has heretofore pronounced the other party to be a “vexatious litigant.”

Furthermore, Idaho law expressly states that if a party submits a modification request without a legal basis (“vexatious”) and harasses the other party, the judge might order that party to pay the other party’s attorney fees and costs.

Duration Of Alimony

Alimony, often known as spousal support, is provided until the other partner can support themselves. In Idaho, judges can order alimony that is temporary, short-term, or long-term. When a partner merely requires help to live during the time between filing for divorce and dissolution, temporary alimony is provided. When a spouse needs to receive higher education or learn new skills in order to support themselves, short-term alimony is allowed. When a spouse has considerable demands and is unable to sustain himself or herself after the marriage ends, permanent alimony is allowed.

Petition for Alimony

Alimony is asked throughout the divorce process in Idaho. When getting a divorce, you should also request marital maintenance and support, generally known as alimony. In a divorce case, maintenance is not a given. When a partner asks for alimony, the court will consider a variety of circumstances to evaluate whether the applicant should get it as part of the settlement.

Obtaining a separation and seeking alimony can be a difficult procedure, but you may require the advice of a divorce or family lawyer. Your lawyer can assist you with alimony requests, alimony cancellation requests, and other forms of petitions. A knowledgeable attorney in your region can assist you with the legal work required to complete your case.

Also, read: Grandparent’s rights in Idaho.

Paying Spousal Maintenance

The court will typically order that maintenance be paid on a regular basis (biweekly, monthly, or semi-annually). The maintenance order will be accompanied by an income withholding order, which instructs the paying partner’s employer to deduct the monies from his or her salary.

Idaho legislation requires all reimbursements to go via the Department of Health and Welfare unless the parties consent otherwise. The Department of Health and Welfare will notify the supported spouse and provide payment after receiving the payment.

In some situations, the judge will order the contributing partner to pay alimony in one single sum. Although lump-sum payments are uncommon, the judge may order prompt payment of complete support if the paying partner does not have continuous income (self-employed or unemployed) but has substantial assets.

Inability to pay support orders might lead to you being found in violation of the law by the court. It is critical to pay as instructed. Otherwise, you could face fines, bank or tax charges, or even imprisonment.

Modify or Terminate a Maintenance Order

If the asking spouse can establish a considerable and material change in lifestyle since the last order, Idaho law enables any partner to petition a modification of support payments. The judge might deny the request for reconsideration if the parties acknowledged in the agreement that the judgment would not be changed.

Idaho law permits any spouse to petition a change of the maintenance order only if both spouses have mutually promised that the maintenance contract is non-modifiable. Since the last order, the petitioning partner must establish a “substantial and material change of circumstances.” Examples of such shifts in conditions include:

  • Unexpected termination of employment.
  • A physical or mental impairment is diagnosed.
  • The cost of living has risen.
  • Increase or reduction in retirement income
  • Homelessness.
  • Cohabitation or remarriage with another person

Tax Consequences

Maintenance payments are neither tax-deductible for the payer nor reported as earnings against the beneficiary if your divorce was finalized on or after January 1, 2019. The payer of support can “write-off” the payments as a deduction for marriages that ended on or before December 31, 2018, while the beneficiary must report the payments as income under alimony in Idaho.

If you’re concerned about how the tax changes in 2018 will affect your alimony case, consult a tax and divorce attorney.


Is there alimony in Idaho?

If one partner has been unable to become financially secure even without the assistance of the other spouse, alimony may be awarded. The purpose of a support judgment is to guarantee that both spouses can maintain (or come close to maintaining) their married lifestyle following the divorce.

What is alimony in Idaho?

Spousal maintenance, commonly known as alimony or spousal support, is a monetary payment made by one spouse to the other during and after a divorce. If one partner has been unable to become economically solvent without the assistance of the other spouse, alimony may be awarded.

Can a wife get spousal support in Idaho?

Married people must’ve been officially married in Idaho to be entitled to alimony. Alimony can be awarded to either the husband or the wife. A divorced partner in Idaho who is unable to support oneself or maintain a fair level of prosperity during and after the divorce may ask the court for assistance.

How is alimony determined in Idaho ?

In Idaho, the quantity of alimony is established by the court based on a list of factors: The petitioner’s spouse’s age, health, and emotional state. The prosecution’s earning capacity. Receiving the spouse’s ability to address his or her demands.

How long does a man pay alimony in Idaho?

A judge in the Idaho family court determines the length of the payments. Alimony is normally calculated based on the length of the marriage; for example, one year of alimony is paid for every three years of marriage (however, this is not always the case in every state or with every judge).

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